Research Expression

Learning gives creativity, Creativity leads to thinking, thinking provides knowledge, knowledge makes you great.
            - Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Aims and Scope

Research Expression is an interdisciplinary biannual and bilingual research journal published by Government VYT Post Graduate Autonomous College (Erstwhile Government Arts and Science College).  The primary objective of the journal is to publish quality research papers in higher Education and to provide a platform to erudite scholars, researchers, academicians and scientists with their scholarly articles and research papers. It is a peer reviewed Print journal with ISSN 2456-3455 dedicated to promote and publish high quality research. Its nature is completely multi-disciplinary and pluralistic as it aims to publish research papers not only in social sciences, Humanities but also in Commerce and Natural sciences. There is a plan to publish special issues from time to time.The journal is dedicated to high ideals and objectives of the College. We hope that all our endeavours will turn fruitful.

About the College

Government Arts and Science College is the only A+ college in the state of Chhattisgarh assessed by NAAC.  The college has received A+ status for the second time in a row.  Research Expression is dedicated to the high ideals, quality and objectives of the college.  The purpose of this Research Journal published by the college is to encourage the best research in the academic world, especially to present a platform to young researchers and teachers for publication of research papers .

Vision and Mission


To cater to the academia, researchers and aestheticians, to find the best in their honest criticism, appreciate by promoting them and providing a platform for better academic performance.


To encourage and provide the researchers and academicians a venue to disseminate their knowledge and ignite the young creative minds to contribute to the grand design of improving natural knowledge and perfecting all philosophical arts, science and commerce.

Guidelines for Manuscript Submission

Copyright and Permission

Copyright of the journal, alongside the articles/reviews published, shall reside in the Principal Govt VYT PG Autonomous college Durg, Chhattisgarh, except in cases where essays are reproduced with the permission of the author/publisher.

The author will be fully responsible for the authenticity of the references, statements, quotations, bibliography of the articles published in the research paper.The author has to  bear the responsibility for  the permission of reuse or copyright of the  materials, figures, tables, photographs, illustrations, trade literature and data etc, used in research paper. When an author is submitting a research article it is assumed that he/she has read the submission guidelines properly and bears responsibility for authenticity and legality.


The cover page of the paper should bear only the name(s) of the author(s), designation, postal address, telephone number and email, title of the paper and 100 words curriculum vitae of the author(s). The second page should contain an abstract of 100 words and the title of the article, but not the author’s name. Manuscripts should normally be between 3000-6000 words. Manuscripts which are not in the style of the journal will be rejected summarily. The articles are subjected to anonymous pre-review before being accepted for publication. Two complimentary copies of the journal shall be supplied to the principal author.


Dual submissions are not accepted. Please attach to every submission a covering letter confirming that all the authors have agreed to the submission and that the article/paper is not currently being considered for publication by any other journal. Submission of an article implies that it has not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere.

All manuscripts should be sent to:

The Editor / Co-Editor, Research Expression




Government VYT Post Graduate Autonomous College. Durg Chhattisgarh

PIN 491001

●  The manuscript should be provided in MS word font Times New Roman 12  double spaced for English and in Unicode font 11 double spaced for Hindi .

●  The title page should contain the full title, subtitle (optional)

●  running head or page head, abstract (100-200 words) and key words in 5 to 10 words in alphabetical order.

● Research articles should be of 3000 to 6000 words, including footnotes. English (UK) spelling should be used for the preparation of the manuscript. Use Arabic     numerals as 1,2,3, instead of Roman I, II ,III,IV.

●  Use endnotes as a referencing system APA 7 style.

●  The author’s name. full contact details (address, telephone number and e-mail address), and brief biographical note should be enclosed on a separate sheet of paper.     In addition, Biographical notes (50 -75 words) should give current affiliation, research interests and recent publications.


Citation should be used as APA 7 style

The in text citation includes the author’s last name, the year of publication, For example: (Easton 1957).

If you’re citing a specific part of a source, you should also include a locator such as a page number .For example : (Easton 1957 p.27).

In Text Citation

Parentheticaland Nnarrative Citation

In Text Citation of Multiple Authors

Two authors

always cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text , join the names with “&”. For example,

Parenthetical - ( Almond & Powell 1961)

Narrative -  Almond & Powell ( 1961)

Three or more authors

Parenthetical- (Smith et al., 2020)

Narrative -  Smith et al. (2020)


Parenthetical- (Niti Aayog 2020 )

Narrative-  Niti Aayog ( 2020 )

Reference citation

In APA style reference source comes in alphabetical manner irrespective of their order of in text citation.

For books

Author’s Last Name, Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of book (Edition ed.). Publisher.


Easton d. (1965) : A Framework for Political Analysis, (2nd ed.) Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

For Journals


Mohammad E. & Maria P. (2023) : China’s Increasing Role in the Middle East: Implications for Regional and International Dynamics. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs.



Mordechai C. (2019) : China’s Economic Diplomacy Approach in the

Middle East Conflicts. CHINA REPORT 55 : 1 (2019): 24–39

DOI: 10.1177/0009445518818210

For News paper

Erin H. (2023, April 25). Can China replace the US in the Middle East? aljazeera https://www.aljazeera.com/features/2023/4/25/can-china-replace-the-us-in-the-middle-east

For Website

Kabir t. ( 2022 September 6) :  China’s emergent footprints in West Asia.


Annual Subscription.



500 INR

1000 INR

Download subscription form and mail the filled subscription form along with screenshot of payment detail ,  to the Editor




Subscription Fee can be paid through mobile and Net Banking.

Account Details:

Bank of Baroda


(Use zero after B in IFSC code)

A/c No. 72900100001599

Branch Mohan Nagar Durg.CG.

रिसर्च एक्सप्रेशन

रिसर्च एक्सप्रेशन शासकीय वी वाय टी स्नातकोत्तर स्वशासी महाविद्यालय (पूर्व नाम शासकीय कला एवं विज्ञान महाविद्यालय ) द्वारा प्रकाशित एक अंतर्विषयात्मक अर्धवार्षिक शोधपत्रिका है । जिसका मूल उद्देश्य है उच्च शिक्षा व अकादमिक जगत में श्रेष्ठ शोध पत्रों का प्रकाशन तथा शोधार्थियों एवं अध्यापकों को हिंदी और अंग्रेजी माध्यम में अपने शोध पत्रों को प्रकाशित करने का अवसर प्रदान करना ।  यह एक पीयर रिव्यूड जनरल है, जिसका समर्पण उच्चकोटि के शोध को प्रोत्साहित करने और उनको प्रकाशित करने के प्रति है ।  इसका स्वरूप पूर्णत: बहुआयामी और बहुलवादी है जिससे यह न केवल सामाजिक विज्ञान, मानविकी (ह्यूमैनिटीज)  बल्कि वाणिज्य एवं प्राकृतिक विज्ञान में होने वाले शोधो को भी प्रकाशित करना है। एक वर्ष मे इसके दो वोल्युम प्रकाशित होते है । समय समय पर विशेषांक भी प्रकाशित करने की योजना है ।

शासकीय कला एवं विज्ञान महाविद्यालय नैक द्वारा मूल्यांकित छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य का एक मात्र A+ कालेज है । A+ स्टैटस महाविद्यालय को लगातार दूसरी बार प्राप्त हुआ है । रिसर्च एक्सप्रेशन महाविद्यालय के उच्च आदर्शो,गुणवत्ता एवं उद्देश्यों के प्रति समर्पित है । महाविद्यालय द्वारा प्रकाशित इस रिसर्च जनरल का उद्देश्य अकादमिक जगत में श्रेष्ठ शोध को प्रोत्साहित करना है, विशेषकर युवा शोधार्थियों एवं अध्यापकों को शोध पत्र प्रकाशन हेतु एक मंच उपलब्ध कराना है ।


प्रकाशित लेखों/समीक्षाओं के साथ पत्रिका का कॉपीराइट प्रिंसिपल गवर्नमेंट वीवाईटी पीजी ऑटोनॉमस कॉलेज दुर्ग छत्तीसगढ़ के पास रहेगा, सिवाय उन मामलों को छोड़कर जहां लेखक/प्रकाशक की अनुमति से निबंधों का पुनरुत्पादन किया जाता है।

लेखक शोध पत्र में प्रकाशित लेखों के संदर्भों, कथनों, उद्धरणों, ग्रंथ सूची की प्रामाणिकता के लिए पूरी तरह से जिम्मेदार होगा। शोधपत्र मे प्रयुक्त सामग्री, आंकड़ों, तालिकाओं, तस्वीरों, चित्रण, व्यापार साहित्य और डेटा आदि,के पुन: उपयोग या कॉपीराइट की अनुमति के लिए उत्तरदायित्व लेखक का होगा ।  जब कोई लेखक एक शोध लेख इस जनरल मे प्रेषित कर रहा है तो यह माना जाता है कि उसने प्रस्तुति दिशानिर्देशों ( गाइड लाइन फार मैन्यू स्क्रिप्ट सबमिशन ) को ठीक से पढ़ लिया है तथा शोध पत्र की प्रामाणिकता और वैधता के लिए ज़िम्मेदार है।


 दोहरी प्रस्तुतियाँ स्वीकार नहीं की जातीं।  कृपया प्रत्येक सबमिशन के साथ एक कवरिंग लेटर संलग्न करें जिसमें यह पुष्टि की गई हो कि सभी लेखक सबमिशन के लिए सहमत हैं और लेख/पेपर को वर्तमान में किसी अन्य पत्रिका द्वारा प्रकाशन के लिए विचार नहीं किया जा रहा है।  किसी लेख को प्रस्तुत करने का तात्पर्य यह है कि इसे कहीं और प्रकाशित नहीं किया गया है या प्रकाशन के लिए स्वीकार नहीं किया गया है।


 सभी पांडुलिपियाँ यहां भेजी जानी चाहिए:

 संपादक/सह-संपादक, रिसर्च एक्सप्रेशन



 गवर्नमेंट वीवाईटी पोस्ट ग्रेजुएट ऑटोनॉमस कॉलेज।  दुर्ग छत्तीसगढ़  पिन 491001

 पांडुलिपि को अंग्रेजी के लिए एमएस वर्ड फ़ॉन्ट टाइम्स न्यू रोमन 12 डबल स्पेस में और हिंदी के लिए यूनिकोड फ़ॉन्ट 11 डबल स्पेस में प्रदान किया जाना चाहिए।
 शीर्षक पृष्ठ में पूरा शीर्षक, उपशीर्षक (वैकल्पिक).
 रनिंग हेड या पेज हेड, संक्षेप (100-200 शब्द) और मुख्य शब्द (5 -10) वर्णमाला क्रम में।
 शोध लेख फ़ुटनोट सहित 3000 - 6000 शब्दों का होना चाहिए।  पांडुलिपि की तैयारी के लिए अंग्रेजी (यूके) वर्तनी का उपयोग किया जाना चाहिए।  रोमन I, II, III, IV के बजाय अरबी अंकों का उपयोग 1,2,3 के रूप में करें।
 संदर्भ प्रणाली एपीए 7 शैली के रूप में एंडनोट्स का उपयोग करें।
 लेखक का नाम.  पूर्ण संपर्क विवरण (पता, टेलीफोन नंबर और ई-मेल पता)।  इसके अलावा, जीवनी संबंधी नोट्स (50 -75 शब्द) में वर्तमान संबद्धता, अनुसंधान रुचियां और हाल के प्रकाशनों का विवरण होना चाहिए।






Dr. Qamar Talat


Dr. Shakeel Husain


Dr Jagjeet Kour Saluja

Dr. Anil Kumar Shrivastava

Dr Ajay Kumar Singh

Dr Rama Shankar Singh

Dr Tarlochan Kour Sandhu

Dr Vinod Ahirvar

Dr Sapana Sharma

Dr Pragya Kulkarni

Dr. K Padmavati


Prof Brij Mohan Sharma ex VC Kota University Rajasthan

Dr.Mohammad Khalid. Professor dept.Political Science Punjab University Chandigarh Punjab.

Dr. Satish Rai ex Professor and head dept. of Political Science MG kashi Vidyapeeth

Dr. Vivek Mishra Professor and head dept.Political Science Rani Durgavati university Jabalpur MP

Dr. Prashant Shrivastav Dean student welfare Hemchand Yadav University Durg Chhattisgarh

Dr.Sarika Sharma Dean school of education central university of Haryana

Dr. Sharda Gangwar Professor and head dept. of commerce centre of excellence Bhopal MP

Dr.Deo Shankar Navin Professor of, hindi bhasha kendra JNU Jawahar lal nehru university. New Delhi

Dr. Hanumant yadav Professor Economics Hidayatullah national law university . Bhopal MP

Dr S K Malhotra Professor Zoology Allahabad University Prayagraj UP

Dr. KVR Murray Professor Physics MS University Baroda Gujrat

Dr. Abha R Pal Professor and head dept of History Pt Ravi Shankar university Raipur Chhattisgarh

Dr.Diwakar Singh Rajput  professor Sociology Dr Hari singh gaur university Sagar MP

Dr. Rabindranath Tiwari Professor Geology Govt Science College Rewa MP


Dr.Mohibul haque Professor Dept of Political Science Aligarh Muslim University UP

Dr. Nisarl ul haque Dept of Political Science Jamia Millia Islamia university.

Dr. Sangeeta N Pawar Professor Dept of Commerce University of Mumbai . Maharashtra

Dr. N Rajgopa Head dept. of English , director centre for tribal literature of America . Central university of Himachal pradesh Dharamshala , HP

Dr. Manas Panday Professor of Management studies and business economics VBS Purvanchal university UP

Dr Siyaram Sharma, asst. Professor member Gyanpeeth academy New Delhi

Dr HC Purohit Professor and head school of management Doon university Dehradun Uttarakhand

Dr. CS Vaizalwar Professor Dept of education central university Ghasidas vishwavidyalaya Bilaspur Chhattisgarh

Dr Sanjay Swarnkar Professor History Kamla rani govt pg autonomous college Gwalior MP

Dr. Sanjay Singh, Professor English, Department of Humanities,O.P. Jindal University, Raigarh, C.G.

Dr. Vinod Parashar, Professor of Geology, Govt. M.V.M. College, Bhopal, M.P.

Dr. D.P. Bisen, Professor of Physics, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, C.G.

Dr Uma Gole Professor and head dept of Geography Pt Ravishankar University Raipur Chhattisgarh

Dr. K.B. Agrawal, Professor of Commerce, Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, M.P.

Dr. Usha Kiran Agrwal Professor Psychology, director womens studies DB Girls pg autonomous college Durg Chhattisgarh.

Dr. S.P. Singh, Professor of Zoology, Govt. PG. College, Satna, M.P.

Dr. S.B. Nandeshwar, Principal Scientist for Cotton Research, Nagpur, M.H.

Dr. Anoop Kumar Singh, Associate Professor of Sociology, DAV PG. College, Kanpur, U.P.

Dr. Harnam Singh Alreja Head dept of Philosophy Govt. Digvijay PG Autonomous College